Ebersbach, Johann Jacob (1717-1754) nach Mayr
Porträt Johann Andreas Pfefferkorn
1719 Prediger in Eisenach, 1731 Pastor der Katharinenkirche Frankfurt/M.
Portrait Johann Andreas Pfefferkorn
Johannes Pfefferkorn (1469–1523) was a German Catholic theologian and writer who converted from Judaism. Pfefferkorn actively preached against the Jews and attempted to destroy copies of the Talmud, and engaged in a long running pamphleteering battle with Johann Reuchlin. Pfefferkorn wrote a variety of books and pamphlets attacking Jews in general, and the Talmud specifically, including Der Judenspiegel, in which he wrote "All this [evil character of the Jews] is due to the Talmud, which is the source of all evil, and which the Jews hold in greater reverence than the ten commandments of God." He later wrote Warnungsspiegel, in which he wrote "The causes which hinder the Jews from becoming Christians are three: first, usury; second, because they are not compelled to attend Christian churches to hear the sermons; and third, because they honor the Talmud." In 1510 Pfefferkorn urged Emperor Maximilian to confiscate copies of the Talmud and burn them. Pfefferkorn himself confiscated some copies of the Talmud in Magdeburg. As a result of a lengthy and prolonged debate between Pfefferkorn (and his supporters, the Dominicans) with Johann Reuchlin over whether Talmud should be tolerated or not, the conflict spread over Germany. Reuchlin defended the Talmud, saying "If the Talmud contains errors, let us render them innocuous by studying to sift the chaff from the grain. Do not burn the Talmud, but read it." In 1516 Pope Leo X finally interceded, and decided in favor of preserving copies of the Talmud, which led to the first printed edition of the Babylonian Talmud - the Bomberg edition - which was published in 1520 in Venice. In 1550, the Talmud was placed in the Church's Index of Forbidden Books, and in 1564 the Church said the Talmud could be distributed only if passages hostile to Christianity were removed. This led to the Basel edition, published between 1579 and 1581, which was censored (contrasted to the 1520 Bomberg edition, which was not).
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Enstehungszeit / time of origin: ca. 1750
Größe/size (in cm.) ca.:36,7x25,3
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